Reasons Why You Should Use 55 Gallon Steel Drums in Your Manufacturing Plant
55 gallon steel drums are generally a staple in most manufacturing plants. They can hold nearly any type of material including aggressive chemicals or somewhat harmless waste materials. Some of the most common reasons manufacturing plants use steel drums are bulk storage or transport of hazardous materials or waste. Steel drums are the most reliable for this particular job, let us show you why:
Carbon Steel – Used for many materials, both liquid and solid. Not quite as reliable for corrosive materials, but may be lined for added resistance.
Stainless Steel – Used for both liquids and solids, like carbon steel drums, but more suited for aggressive chemicals and corrosive substances. Stainless Steel 55 gallon drums may be lined for added resistance to corrosive materials.
Thickness of Material – Many people get confused by numbers like 1.5/1.2/1.2 when they are used to describe the thickness of a drum. Is it 1.5mm thick or 1.2? The easiest way to remember what these numbers stand for is to think about it from top to bottom. The first number is for the lid. The second number is for the body of the drum. The third number is for the base. So for this example, the lid is 1.5mm, the body is 1.2mm, and the base is 1.2mm. Remember, the thicker the material, the more pressure it can withstand inside and out.
Open or Closed Head – The top of the drum is referred to as the head. An open head drum is one that may be opened and closed with relative ease. Open head drums are used most commonly in areas in which the contents are frequently needed for normal plant operations. A closed head drum is one that is permanently closed.
Temperature Restrictions – Steel drums are made to withstand extreme temperatures, both hot and cold. The limit at which a steel drum will begin to melt is 2,600 degrees Fahrenheit for carbon steel and 2,750 degrees Fahrenheit for stainless steel. With that being said, we believe our 55 gallon steel drums could withstand nearly any temperature you put it up against; the primary concern would be the temperature that the contents can withstand.
Choosing Stainless Steel or Carbon Steel
The biggest difference between stainless steel or carbon steel drums is the cost. Carbon steel drums are generally the less expensive option because they’re more disposable than stainless steel. By disposable we mean that a carbon steel drum will corrode or rust and a stainless steel drum will not. Stainless steel simply lasts longer than carbon steel.
If you’re currently looking for 55 gallon drums for your manufacturing plant, we recommend stainless steel if you’re working with corrosive materials. Contact us any time to discuss your options. We’re happy to help you find the perfect working solution to your storage problems.
How to Understand 55 Gallon Drum Accessories
Accessories for 55 gallon drums may get a little confusing. That’s why we decided to take some time out today to explain the various uses for plastic drums vs. steel drums, and accessories such as heaters, deheaders, pumps, and more. Call us at 847-961-5347 if you would like to discuss any of these accessories or make a purchase. We’d be glad to help you find the solution to all of your storage and waste removal needs.
Steel Drums: As the description indicates, these drums are made of steel. We have carbon steel and stainless steel drums available. Stainless steel is the more expensive option but it is also the most permanent, as carbon steel rusts but stainless steel does not.
Plastic Drums: High density polyethylene provides the strength needed for many liquid storage needs. Our plastic drums meet the UN’s specifications for storing hazardous materials. They’re available in several sizes and varieties with accessories as needed.
Fiber Drums: Our fiber drums provide superior stack strength for dry or solid products. They are not recommended for use with liquids. They meet the UN’s standards for lock-rim fiber drums.
Drum Pumps: As the description indicates, drum pumps are pumps that may be attached to a variety of pumps. We have several types of drum pumps to choose from that fit any number of liquid pumping needs.
Drum Heaters: Drum heaters are intended to provide even heating for the contents of drums. For example, some liquids begin to solidify if they drop below a specific temperature. A drum heater would successfully maintain the desired temperature so your valuable liquids would not solidify.
Water Reduction Heater: This type of heater is designed to evaporate water and reduce the cost of waste disposal. One of our most popular types evaporates up to 1.3 gallons of water per hour.
Industrial Outlets for Drum Heaters: Drum heaters require 120V or 240V outlets, depending on size and type. Make sure to ask us about outlet options when you call to order specific drum heaters.
Drum Deheaders: You can think of a drum deheader as an oversized can opener. They work very similarly to the can opener you use in your kitchen to open a can of soup. We have openers that work on drums in a variety of sizes and materials.
Drum Rim De-Kinker: This is a tool that is specifically designed to straighten, or de-kink, rims that have been damaged during the deheading process.
Screw Caps: Screw caps are designed to securely close the opening in the top of your 55 gallon drum. They’re available in a variety of shapes and sizes to fit all of your needs.
EBK Containers is dedicated to helping our customers find
solutions to all of their dry and liquid storage needs. We are available to
help you make the best decisions for your individual situation at 847-961-5347.
We’re located in
Replacement Salvage Drums Must Meet DOT Safety Standards
The movement of hazardous materials is regulated by the Department of Transportation. All containers used in the shipping of hazardous materials must meet performance-oriented packaging requirements before they are moved. This applies to salvage drums, any type of bucket or pail, cans, boxes, and bags. Salvage drums are intended to be used as a second line of defense against environmental contamination of products being transported.
Quick Overview of Salvage Drums
Salvage drums are designed to be used as transport for hazardous materials or damaged steel or plastic drums. They’re a temporary solution in the event that the original drum develops a leak. They are an effective secondary source of protection against environmental contamination in the event of a leak or hazardous material spill. They guarantee optimal protection for a variety of liquids and other corrosive materials.
Salvage drums can hold all other sizes of drum ranging between 8 gallon and 110 gallon. They’re designed, manufactured, and certified to meet UN standards, so they’re safe to be shipped nearly anywhere in the world. All of our drums, with the exception of the eight gallon salvage drum, have a corrosion-resistant epoxy-phenolic interior lining and you can get the 85 gallon drum without the epoxy-phenolic lining.
Our drums are available in single order size or in bulk orders of four. Our steel salvage drum quad pack includes four drums that will accept open-head or closed-head steel, plastic, fiber, and composite containers. This order includes a bolt-type ring, bolt, nut, and rubber gasket cover. The exterior is painted safety yellow. Each quad pack includes one 8 gallon, one 30 gallon, one 55 gallon, and one 85 gallon salvage drum. The shipping weight of the quad pack is 189 pounds.
Our plastic salvage drums come in a variety of sizes ranging between 30 gallon and 180 gallon. They have high quality twist off covers and are made of high density polyethylene.
We also offer steel salvage drums with quick lever closure for damaged or leaking containers of hazardous material. The quick lever closure allows you to open and close drums in seconds and without the use of special tools. They’re a very safe option, and meet UN/DOT 49 CFR 173.3 requirements. They’re available in a variety of sizes between 8 gallon and 85 gallon, and they’re available in a quad pack as mentioned above.
If you’re interested in ordering salvage drums from us, contact us via telephone at 847-961-5347 or email questions to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please allow 24-48 hours for a response to your email inquiries, although we do generally get back relatively quickly.
55 Gallon Plastic Drums vs. 55 Gallon Steel Drums
Storage and shipping drums are needed in nearly every
industry throughout the
Plastic drums are available in two primary shapes – straight-sided and taper-sided. Both are molded high density polyethylene drums and provide superior resistance against damage. They’re lightweight, they won’t dent or rust, they are both FDA and USDA approved, and they meet UN specifications for the transport of hazardous materials. One of the advantages of open head taper-sided drums is that they nest for easy storage and transport of empty containers. The straight sided drum has molded rolling hoops for easy movement from area to area.
Open head plastic drums seal using a lever lock or bolt ring with a choice of plain or plugged cover. The lever lock system provides easy cover removal when needed. Our plastic open head drums are blue (with the exception of our 20 gallon drum, it is gray), and the color is molded in, meaning it will not fade or peel. They will not rust or dent, and provide excellent storage for dry, wet, or most corrosive materials.
Plastic closed head drums are also available. They are also high density polyethylene with the color molded in to create a fade-proof and rust-proof storage option for liquids. The 15 gallon model feature a molded swing handle for easy handling. Most sizes, not including the 15 gallon drum, have a 2” NPS plug and a 2” buttress plug with a 3/4” NPT reducer. The 15 gallon drums have a 2” NPS plug and a 3/4” NPS plug, and a swing handle.
We offer a wide variety of open and closed head steel drums that also meet all UN and DOT requirements for storage and shipping virtually anywhere in the world. Steel drums are made of stainless steel or carbon steel, and available in sizes ranging from 8 gallon to 55 gallon, so they can tackle any problem, big or small. Open head steel drums are available with a 12 gauge bolt type locking ring, bolt, nut, and gasketed cover. Closed head steel drums come with a 2” and 3/4” NPT bung.
All of our steel drums are constructed of first quality cold rolled steel and supplied with your choice of rust inhibitor interior or chemical resistant epoxyphenolic lining. The standard color is black, though special orders are available.
If you’re interested in ordering plastic drums or steel drums from us, contact us via telephone at 847-961-5347 or email questions to email@example.com. Please allow 24-48 hours for a response to your email inquiries, although we do generally get back relatively quickly.
The Importance of Proper Drum Handling Procedures
Many types of business need 55-gallon containers for both storage and shipping purposes. In industrial environments, companies routinely put a lot of emphasis on safety practices. When workers are being educated about safety procedures, the handling of large containers should be included. This is especially true if the drums hold hazardous materials.
Poor Handling Practices
In many industrial settings, drums are sometimes improperly handled. Sometimes this is due to lack of proper equipment, or it may be due total disregard for the rules that are in place. Some of the wrong way to move full 55-gallon drums are:
· Using forklift to move the drum without a pallet or forklift attachment
· Rolling the drum on its side
· Tilting the drum and rolling it on the rim
Since these drums are so heavy when full, moving them the wrong way can cause injury even if the contents are not spilled. Also, once they start rolling, it can be difficult to control them.
Creating a Safe Environment
Naturally, ideal storage is a major concern when you are dealing with chemicals, even if they are not hazardous. Always keep the floor clean, and make sure that there are no slipping or tripping hazards. Keep the drums away from materials or equipment that can cause damage. The storage area must also be properly lit to ensure that there is never any confusion when these drums are being handled.
Aside from knowing how to handle the drums, employees must take other steps to protect themselves from accidental exposure to stored materials. In many industrial settings, steel-toed boots are a requirement. Workers should also have safety gloves, glasses and protective clothing. The drums should always be properly labeled. Labels should be clear so that employees can read and understand the information on these labels.
Getting the Right Drums
This plays a big role in promoting safety in industrial settings. Drums used for storing or moving hazardous materials must meet established standards. There are drums specially made for this purpose, as well as drums that will hold damaged drums so the contents are protected. It is important to have the right drums to maintain a safe work area.
As a top supplier of 55-gallon drums and other types of containers, we can help you to get the right types to promote safety in the workplace. We also provide a range of quality products so you know you can always count on us for all your container needs. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org for questions regarding our drums or safety equipment.
Choosing the Right 55 Gallon Drums for Your Business
Packaging solutions are essential in various types of industrial environments. As a buyer, you will be concerned about the quality of these products. This is necessary for protecting your goods, and in some cases, the right containers play a big role in the safety of workers. Since there are different types of 55-gallon drums available, there is no point in buying any just type that is available to use in your business. Some types are more suitable to specific environments for different reasons. It is best to know exactly what you need before you buy these drums.
Making the Choice
There are basic questions you should ask if you are trying to choose the storage drums. These include:
· What will you put in the drum?
· Will you be putting hazardous materials in the containers?
· Will the drums be stored at your location or will they be shipped?
· Are there special safety requirements for handling?
· What is the best size for your needs?
· Will you need to get fittings?
· What type of material is best?
Special Safety Needs
If your business handles any type of hazardous material, then your options for buying 55-gallon drums will be limited. If you have any doubts about the containers you plan to use for transporting chemicals and similar materials, contact the Department of Transportation. They regulate the shipping of these types of materials so they will be able to guide you. You can also contact us at EBK Containers for specific information on the type of 55-gallon drum you will need to use in your business.
Fittings and Accessories
If your business requires these types of drums whether for storage or transportation of goods, you may need to find the right fittings as well. Since there are different types available, you need to think about the purpose of the drums. This will help to guide your decision when looking for accessories. Commonly used items include drum pumps, heaters, and drum deheaders. Again, it is a god idea to discuss your needs with us so you can get exactly what you need.
The types of drums available for industrial use include steel, fiber and plastic. Some types are unsuitable for specific chemicals and hazardous materials. If you have concerns about corrosion then it is best to choose stainless steel drums. Even though they are more expensive than other types, they will save you money as they last longer. Call us at EBK and let our professionalism work for you. With our vast knowledge in this area, you will see that choosing the right containers is easier than you think.
Do Not Cut Corners When Purchasing Drums
Every business has to work within a certain budgetary constraint. No matter how you look at this, there are things that are going to need to be factor into the decisions made. Take for instance waste companies, they have to work within certain limits to be profitable. One of the major issues that comes into mind is logistics related to containers. Drums, specifically, can end up costing a great deal if not careful. When crunching numbers, it may be easy to fall into the temptation of cutting corners here. However, that is not only a dangerous proposition, but it could end up costing far more down the line than it’s worth.
The Right Drum
There are several types of drums that you could utilize. There are plastic, steel, and other types. These are made to haul various items, and it’s imperative to use the right one for your project. Focus on finding the certification of each drum to ensure that you are able to meet the UN and DOT certification standards. If the drums that you are going to purchase do not meet these standards, and you are dealing with salvage material or hazardous chemicals, leaks can occur. When leaks occur, they can contaminate work areas, and the environment around them. This is an absolute disaster that should not be taken lightly at all.
The Right Size
Another aspect of cutting corners is in regards to the sizing issue. Drums can come in a variety of sizes from 30 gallon to 85 gallon and even 180 gallon. These all can help with a variety of different projects and movements. It’s important to get the right size and plan ahead for any shifts that may be needed to focus on. Without this, you could end up dealing with a serious problem in organization, transport and more.
The Cost of Doing Business
In the end, you are going to have to make strong decisions about whether or not to cut corners to save a few bucks. Some industries have decided to circumvent spending on the right drums, and have been heavily fined or even shut down. It’s best not to save a few pennies up front. Spend the money as a part of the cost of doing business and get the right kind of drums. If you plan ahead, and you work with the right drums for your project, you will not have to worry about the cost down the line. It costs less to do the right thing and order the right pieces today, than it is to cut corners and face uncertainty down the line. This becomes crucial when dealing with hazardous materials, corrosive chemicals, and much more.
Warehouse Organization Begins with Choosing the Right Containers
Head to any major hardware store and you may find a good deal of storage containers. However, if you have an industrial warehouse, that’s not going to suffice. You could get away with trying to fit all your items into several boxes, and containers, but you’ll run into a major logistics issue sooner than later. It’s for that reason that you need to focus on finding a better route to get this done. That’s where industrial container solutions come into play. With the right elements from this type of store, you could very well keep an industrial area clear of debris, and well organized.
If you are dealing with a lot of chemicals, there is nothing worse than running out of drums. When you need steel drums or plastic drums, you absolutely need to focus on finding these at a lower price. Most people don’t think about this, but if you’re working in a large industry, this becomes a serious element to move forward within. It’s very important that you seek out the right company to work with in order to supply drums that are going to help you gain leverage in whatever you’re doing. Drums aren’t traditionally sold to the public one by one, so you’ll need a good resource for this.
Salvaging Leaky Drums
For those that are looking at replacing leaky drums, then you will need to once again seek out a good supplier. Otherwise a small leak can turn into a huge problem. Focus on finding replacement drums and then using dream pumps to eliminate the issues that can come with leaks. You’re going to find that a little forward planning can help you avoid issues related to leaks and salvage drum problems a whole.
In the case of bulk options, not many stores are going to have containers in stock. You’re going to find a resource that is going to have a great deal of options, including specialized certified containers. For instance, if you need salvage drums that are certified to meet UN specifications, you cannot just go anywhere. You have to find a good resource, and then purchase several items at once. Chances are that you are going to want to ensure that you stick with a good supplier, especially if you are dealing with salvage elements.
Only specialized companies that deal with a variety of drums will benefit you most here. You’re not going to be able to just walk into your average hardware store and find these elements. Instead of going that route, consider focusing on a trusted resourced like EBK Containers. That’s going to save you time, money and headaches down the line.
Choosing the Right Drum Pump to Get Thick Liquids Out of a 55 Gallon Drum
A 55 gallon drum holds a lot of liquid. They become very heavy, approximately 396 pounds, when full of a thick liquid like various types of oil, hand soap. The average density of motor oil is about 7.2 pounds per gallon, for example. You need a large, heavy duty pump when removing specific amounts of liquid from a 55 gallon drum.
Weigh your options and decide whether you need a vinyl or stainless steel pump. A vinyl pump will handle most liquids with the exception of some corrosive liquids where you may need a polypropylene-polyethylene pump instead. Here are a few great options for finding the best hand pump.
· BASCO Ezi-Action – Polypropylene and polyethylene construction, FDA compliant material, zero-friction design handles liquids up to 8,800 cPs.
· Zee Line Lever Action – Perfect for petroleum products up to 200 cPs, delivers one pint per stroke.
· Zee Line Economy Steel Lift Drum Pump – Fits 15-55 gallon drums with 2 in NPS bung opening, curved discharge spout rotates 360 degrees, delivers 16 to 20 oz per stroke.
· Zee Line Nylon Hand Pump – Suitable for most solvents and chemicals. Available with your choice of stainless steel or nickel plated steel piston rod.
· T-Handle Stainless Steel – Includes a Teflon seal, piston, packing, and plastic adapter for 2 in NPT opening, delivers 26 oz of liquid per stroke.
· Plastic Lever Action – Delivers one pint per stroke, pumps up to 800 cPs, four models to choose from.
· High Viscosity Lever Action – Constructed of die-cast alloy, delivers up to 32 oz per stroke.
· Drum Pump for Soaps, Disinfectants, Light Oils – Ideal for non-corrosive liquids, fits any drum with a 2 in NPS bung opening.
· Hand Operated GoatThroat – 100% polypropylene construction, four seal materials available, pressurize by hand or with optional air adapter.
· Stainless Steel Drum and Pail Pump – 316 Stainless Steel construction, Teflon piston and packing, delivers up to 8 oz per stroke.
· Beckson PVC Stroke Drum Pump with 3 - 6 ft Hose – Perfect for alkalis, acids, and petroleum products, self priming delivers one gallon in five strokes, available for steel or plastic drum types.
· Low Cost All PVC Drum Pump – Handles most types of liquids. Constructed of 100% vinyl. Transfer rates of 8 oz or 22 oz per stroke.
· All PVC Heavy Duty Siphon – Fits 15, 30, and 55 gallon drums, delivers 8 oz per stroke, and pumps uphill, siphons downhill.
· EnviroPump Chemical Drum Pump – Delivers 11 oz per stroke and empties the barrel.
Additional items you may require include:
· EnviroWedge – The Pump Assistant – This wedge fits under the bottom of the drum, tilting it so you get more liquid out of each drum and reduce leftovers. It helps save raw material costs and lowers drum disposal costs.
· 55 Gallon Drums – We offer a wide variety of steel drums, plastic drums, and many other products designed for industrial use, storage, and transportation of goods.
EBKContainers has a variety of 55 gallon drums and accessories to fit virtually all of your needs. Contact us any time to discuss our inventory and we will help match the drums and accessories to fit your products.
The Importance of Choosing the Right Container
When it comes to containers in the home, a lot can be overlooked. The average individual is not thinking about glass, plastic, or whether there are preferred containers to fit specific needs. Everything comes boxed, canned, or bottled and they all seem to be a matter of what the manufacturer wants. That’s all fine and dandy, but not when it comes to the commercial world. The commercial world is going to shake things up, because you are going to need to consider the right container for the right job. This is crucial in a lot of ways, as it will come with benefits, and protection.
The Difficulty of Housing Chemical Solutions
Take a page out of construction projects. Many projects require contractors to work with metals of various types. These metals don’t always play well, and therefore need to be cleaned with solutions such as acids. Some acids break up the oils of certain metals, such as galvanized sheet metal elements. The acids brushed on these elements before soldering takes place are housed in special containers. You can’t just pour acids into any old container; you have to have a very specific option. This goes across industries, not just construction, and it’s important to have the right container to hold this in place.
A Nod toward Pop Culture
To further illustrate the importance of the right container, think about pop culture for a moment. While this is not advocating anything you see on television, there is a particular note on chemistry and containers mentioned in programs like “Forensic Files” and “Breaking Bad”. These programs have sinister stories, but when you listen to the science, you realize that the right container makes all the difference.
For instance, the chemicals needed to house gasoline, bleach, or even corrosive acids, matter a great deal. Industries that work with chemicals know this, and therefore utilize very specific containers made of very specific compositions to hold them. A barrel made of metal, for instance, may not hold certain acids. A 55 gallon plastic drum, as well, may not be able to hold certain liquids or solids and not erode over time. These pop culture references mention that notion, and the chemistry is sound, many times. The right container makes all the difference, especially when thinking about commercial warehouses and more.
When you are storing chemicals, metals, hardware, and many other items, you should not just put them in cardboard boxes, or your average plastic container. You need to look into the right containers, and mark them appropriately. Without that, you could have leaks in your garage, in a storage locker or more. It’s not a good idea to overlook this notion. It’s going to prove to be disastrous if you don’t. The right container may seem odd at first glance, but for those that are working with all sorts of chemical solutions, containers are nothing to take lightly.
The Wrong Containers Can Spell Disaster for Your Company
It happens all the time. Big companies try to cut corners by choosing cheap storage drums, and it may work at first. Many warehouses right now have a lot of different items stored, and things aren’t looking too bad. Row after row of powders, chemicals, liquids, and so much more are seen throughout different areas of the warehouse and no one ever considers that there may be an underlying problem. Give it a little time, and the truth of the matter is going to be all over the floors and spaces of warehouses across the country.
The Cost of Clean Up
Think about this from a business perspective. If you’re running a company and it sells and stores lots of chemicals could you afford a spill? Think about that for a moment. What if in a container bursts transport? What is the detriment of replacing and cleaning that up? That’s the main focal point that many warehouse managers and transporters don’t always think about when they are cutting corners on containers.
Just because a drum or a barrel can hold dry or liquid goods, doesn’t mean it’s the right option for the particular chemicals that you’re storing. That’s something that needs to be considered moving forward. The cost of cleaning up a mess because of this oversight is definitely going to come to haunt the bottom line of any business.
Safety Matters Just As Much
While there’s a lot to be said about the costs involved with purchasing the right containers, safety is paramount. Safety should not be overlooked when it comes to getting the containers needed for storage and transport of various types of materials. This is definitely something that could end up harming many people in the long run.
If you skimp on the container and don’t purchase something that is not going to burst or corrode with the things you’re transporting, concerns about fumes, and contact will rise. It’s absolutely important to consider this as you purchase containers for your business.
At the end of the day, it’s important to consider purchasing the right containers. This may seem pretty obvious, but there are a lot of companies and individuals that only look at the cost. The bottom line of course is an important aspect of business as a whole. However, you have to consider the larger element that comes to mind in regards to safety and the cost of cleanup if things malfunction. It’s easy to get caught up in the dollars and cents of things, but there’s so much more that should go into the thought process of purchasing containers and equipment to deal with potentially hazardous chemicals.
At EBKContainers, we’re committed to providing the highest quality products you can purchase for your storage needs. We strive to offer the best prices and service in the industry. Check out our product lines and let us know how we can help you.
What’s the Purpose of Salvage Drums and Can They be Reused?
Salvage drums are designed to contain hazardous materials. The materials may be put directly into the drum or they may contain individual packages of hazardous materials that have become damaged or have sprung a leak. Any biological or hazardous material must be shipped in DOT (Department of Transportation) regulated drums. Shipments that do not follow DOT regulations may face fines between $250 and $25,000 per violation.
Materials and Regulations
Most salvage drums are made of steel, but they may also be made of polyethylene, aluminum, or metal. They must pass DOT requirements as well as UN performance requirements in order to be used. The words “Salvage Drum” must be visible on the drum as well as the name and address of the consignee.
Can You Reuse Used Salvage Drums?
Yes, salvage drums may be used more than once. However, they must be leak tested and if they show any weakness they must be reconditioned before reuse. Reconditioned salvage drums must be marked as such by the person or company that reconditioned them. You may be able to purchase used salvage drums at deep discounts, but make sure they have been reconditioned, tested, certified, and properly marked to indicate these changes.
Overpacks are not DOT regulated and they are not the same as salvage drums. They may contain two or more non-leaking salvage drums for easier transport. Overpack drums are intended to be a secondary line of protection for the drums being shipped from area to area on public roadways.
EBKContainers carries a wide range of drums from plastic buckets to salvage drums. We are dedicated to helping our customers find the perfect container for their individual needs. We are happy to help you choose the right drum. You may email us at email@example.com for information about our products.
You Don’t Need a Secret Decoder Ring to Crack the Code for UN Ratings on Drums
Have you ever looked at the UN rating on the side or top of a drum and felt completely at a loss as to what the jumble of numbers and letters means? Today we’re going to show you how to decipher the code so you are aware of what they mean. Make sure to bookmark this post so you can refer back to us as needed.
First things first, the UN refers to the United Nations. They set performance standards that are recognized internationally. So let’s use an example UN rating of UN 1H1/Y250/S
The Breakdown of UN 1H1/Y250/S
The first number 1 indicates that the item being shipped is indeed a drum. Here’s a list of other numbers (1-7) and what they indicate:
· 1 – Drum
· 2 – Wooden Barrel
· 3 – Jerrican
· 4 – Box
· 5 – Bag
· 6 – Composite Receptacle
· 7 – Pressure Receptacle
So if the ranking started with 4, the item would be a box, not a drum.
The H represents plastic. So our pretend UN Rating is a plastic drum. Here are other materials and their corresponding marker:
· A – Steel
· B – Aluminum
· C – Natural Wood
· D – Plywood
· F – Reconstituted Wood
· G – Fiberboard
· H – Plastic
· L – Textile
· M – Paper, Multiwall
· N – Metal other than steel or aluminum
· P – Glass, Porcelain, or Stoneware
The next indicator will be a number. Ours is 1, which means the drum is a closed-head drum without a removable top. The number 2 would indicate an open-head drum.
The next designation will be X, Y, or Z to let us know what packaging groups this particular packaging can be used for. The most hazardous materials would be marked as I and least hazardous marked as III. That got a little confusing, is it X, Y, Z, or is it I, II, III? We hope this clears it up:
· Packages marked with an X cover all three groups, I, II, and III.
· Packages marked with a Y cover II and III only.
· Packages marked Z cover III only.
The next number refers to the maximum gross mass that the container has been tested and approved to hold. If you ship higher than this amount, you risk fines and citations. Our pretend UN rated plastic drum can hold 250 pounds.
This particular rating tells us that the container in question holds solids because it has an S at the very end. It would be marked with an L if the contents were liquid.
So to read our pretend UN Rating from beginning to end, we have a closed head plastic drum that can hold up to 250 pounds of level II and III hazardous materials and the contents are solids. If you have any questions or concerns about the information we’ve shared here, please feel free to contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org anytime.
Understanding How Steel 55 Gallon Drums Work
Many industries use steel drums for a variety of purposes. These 55 gallon steel drums may hold liquids, dry goods, chemicals, and much more. People who work in the industries that use these drums will tell you that they become one of the best tools for the trade. If you are in need of drums, and you want to ensure quality, consider how steel 55 gallon drums work. These are made specifically to hold, store, or transport 55 gallons of chemicals, dry goods, liquids, or other merchandise.
First and foremost, you need to consider that constructing these requires steel. The most prominent of materials is stainless steel as it can handle a lot of different elements without risk of rust or corrosion. These are created to standard sizes and thicknesses of 1.5/1.2/1.2 mm. The lid, the base, and the rest of the drum all have variants in terms of thickness, but at the end of the day, materials matter.
Closed or Opened Lid Types
Aside from the raw materials, you are going to find that there are two lid options for 55 gallon drums. There are those that are closed and can be locked without ability to remove them. Or there are types that allow openings so that the insides can be taken out. Depending on the liquids and oils that you have inside, you will need to use one of these two options. All of the 55 gallon steel drums we sell at EBK Containers meet UN rating requirements.
Aside from these two elements, there are some additional items that can be added to lids that allow for adding or removing liquids or dry content to the drums. You may choose to add drum pumps, drum heaters, or drum headers as well. These options are extremely useful for those who store 55 gallon steel drums in a warehouse for easy access.
Meeting Your Storage Needs
The type of materials that you need to add to the drums matters when you are choosing storage containers for your warehouse or other storage facility. You may decide to use a latching lid system if you need to add easy accessibility to your drums. Remember that all drums that contain corrosive materials or hazardous waste must be securely closed at all times.
EBK Containers is dedicated to offering top notch storage containers to meet the needs of a variety of industries. Call us any time to discuss your storage needs. We will recommend the best storage containers or 55 gallon drums based on your specific requirements. Email us at email@example.com for more information.
Shipping Hazardous Materials Isn’t Exactly a Straightforward Process
Hazardous materials move from area to area across the
DOT (Department of Transportation) General Requirements
The DOT regulations state, “No person may offer or accept a hazardous material for transportation in commerce unless that person is registered in conformance with subpart G of Part 107 of this chapter, if applicable, and the hazardous material is properly classed, described, packaged, marked, labeled, and in condition for shipment as required or authorized..."(49 CFR 171.2(a))
· In condition for shipment as required or authorized
Classes of Hazardous Materials
· Class 1 – Explosives: Explosives are broken down into six different divisions as follows: Division 1.1 Mass Explosive Hazard; Division 1.2 Projection Hazard; Division 1.3 Mass Fire Hazard; Division 1.4 Minor Explosion Hazard; Division 1.5 Very Insensitive Explosives; Division 1.6 Extremely Insensitive Explosives.
· Class 2 – Gases: Gases are broken down into three different divisions as follows: Division 2.1 Flammable Gases; Division 2.2 Non-Flammable Gases; Division 2.3 Poison or Toxic Gases.
· Class 3 – Flammable Liquid: This class includes liquids whose FP (Flash Point) is not more than 141 degrees Fahrenheit.
· Class 4 – Flammable Solids: Flammable Solids are broken down into three divisions as follows: Division 4.1 Flammable Solid; Division 4.2 Spontaneously Combustible Material; Division 4.3 Dangerous When Wet.
· Class 5 – Oxidizing Substances or Organic Peroxides: These are broken down into two divisions as follows: Division 5.1 Oxidizer; Division 5.2 Organic Peroxide.
· Class 6 – Poisonous, Toxic, and Infectious Substances: These are broken down into two divisions as follows: Division 6.1 Poisonous or Toxic Material; Division 6.2 Infectious Substance.
· Class 7 – Radioactive Material: Self explanatory. Anything that is radioactive.
· Class 8 – Corrosives
· Class 9 – Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods
These classifications cover every type of material that can be shipped using shipping drums such as 55 gallon steel or plastic drums. The material being shipped must also be described, packaged, marked, and labeled correctly before the shipping process can begin.
We sell a variety of drums to meet all of your shipping needs. All of our drums are DOT and UN certified. We also sell accessories such as drum pumps, drum heaters, and other necessary items for safely shipping hazardous materials. Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org to discuss your specific shipping needs and we’ll set you up with the precise type of drums you need.